Joyce Stanislaus

Joyce Stanislaus

Brother of James Joyce. Born December 17, 1884.  Though receiving none of the privileged schooling of his elder brother James, he too manifested a keen intelligence and literary interests.  In 1903, he began to keep a diary which is divided between his own thoughts on philosophical and literary topics and the activities of James Joyce.   In late 1905 he joined Joyce and Nora in Trieste and began teaching alongside his brother in the Berlitz School.

Joyce StanislausStanislaus resumed his diary in Trieste, calling it the ‘Book of Days’,  and it provides an invaluable record of Joyce’s daily activities between 1906 and January 1909.  During this  period, Stanislaus was constantly called upon to compensate for his brother’s irregular financial and living habits.  In late 1908, after  a year of co-habitation in via Caterina 1, Stanislaus moved out and took his own flat.

The brothers may have lived together again in 1909,  in via Scussa, but Stanislaus would maintain his own address until WWI, and would continue working at the Berlitz School long after Joyce’s departure.  With the start of WWI, Stanislaus was interned as the citizen of an enemy country (December 28, 1914), and would spend the entire war in Austria.  After the war, he moved in with his sister Eileen’s family in via della Sanità 2, where James Joyce and his family would join in October 1919 upon their return from Zurich.  After Joyce’s departure from Trieste in 1920, Stanislaus took his teaching position at the Scuola Superiore di Commercio Revoltella and when this institution was assimilated into the University of Trieste he would continue as  a non-tenured professor of English until his death.  In 1927 he married Nelly Lichtensteiger and in February, 1943, their only son, James, was born.

Due to his anti-Fascist views, Stanislaus moved to Florence sometime in 1941, where he seems to have lived under the protection of various wealthy Italians and Americans.   In the early 1950’s he assisted Ellmann in researching his biography and began writing his own memoir of his brother, which would be published posthumously as My Brother’s Keeper in 1958.  Stanislaus died unexpectedly on June 16, 1955.